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There was no change in competition format; the same number of teams competed in the top flight, and promotion and relegation between the Premier League and the new First Division remained the same as the old First and Second Divisions with three teams relegated from the league and three promoted. The league held its first season in — It was composed of 22 clubs for that season. One significant feature of the Premier League in the mids was the dominance of the so-called "Top Four" clubs: Arsenal , Chelsea , Liverpool and Manchester United.
Arsenal went as far as winning the league without losing a single game in —04, the only time it has ever happened in the Premier League. During the s, only four sides outside the "Top Four" managed to qualify for the Champions League: Leeds United — , Newcastle United —02 and —03 , Everton —05 and Tottenham Hotspur —10 — each occupying the final Champions League spot, with the exception of Newcastle in the —03 season, who finished third.
In May Kevin Keegan stated that "Top Four" dominance threatened the division, "This league is in danger of becoming one of the most boring but great leagues in the world.
Between and , there was a Premier League representative in seven of the eight Champions League finals, with only "Top Four" clubs reaching that stage. Liverpool , Manchester United and Chelsea won the competition during this period, with Arsenal , Liverpool , Chelsea and Manchester United and all losing Champions League finals.
Additionally, between the — and —10 seasons, four Premier League sides reached UEFA Cup or Europa League finals, with only Liverpool managing to win the competition in Arsenal , Middlesbrough and Fulham all lost their finals.
The years following marked a shift in the structure of the "Top Four" with Tottenham Hotspur and Manchester City both breaking into the top four places on a regular basis, turning the "Big Four" into the "Big Six". That season also saw two of the "Big Four" Chelsea and Liverpool finish outside the top four places for the first time since that season.
With only four UEFA Champions League qualifying places available in the league, greater competition for qualification now exists, albeit from a narrow base of six clubs. In the following five seasons after the —12 campaign, Manchester United and Liverpool both found themselves outside of the top four three times while Chelsea finished 10th in the —16 season. Arsenal finished 5th in —17 , ending their record of 20 consecutive top-four finishes.
In the —16 season , the top four was breached by a non-Big Six side for the first time since Everton in Leicester City were the surprise winners of the league, qualifying for the Champions League as a result. Off the pitch, the "Big Six" wield financial power and influence, with these clubs arguing that they should be entitled to a greater share of revenue due to the greater stature of their clubs globally and the attractive football they aim to play.
The —17 Deloitte Football Money League report showed the financial disparity between the "Big Six" and the rest of the division. The number of clubs was reduced to 20, down from 22, in when four teams were relegated from the league and only two teams promoted.
The Premier League responded by announcing their intention to resist such a reduction. Each club is a shareholder , with one vote each on issues such as rule changes and contracts. The clubs elect a chairman, chief executive, and board of directors to oversee the daily operations of the league. The current chairman is Sir Dave Richards , who was appointed in April , and the chief executive is Richard Scudamore , appointed in November For the —13 season the Premier League has 10 representatives in the Association: There are 20 clubs in the Premier League.
During the course of a season from August to May each club plays the others twice a double round-robin system , once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents', for 38 games.
Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then goal difference , and then goals scored. If still equal, teams are deemed to occupy the same position. If there is a tie for the championship, for relegation, or for qualification to other competitions, a play-off match at a neutral venue decides rank. Previously only the top two teams qualified automatically.
The fourth-placed team enters the Champions League at the play-off round for non-champions and must win a two-legged knockout tie in order to enter the group stage. The team placed fifth in the Premier League automatically qualifies for the UEFA Europa League , and the sixth and seventh-placed teams can also qualify, depending on the winners of the two domestic cup competitions i.
Two Europa League places are reserved for the winners of each tournament; if the winner of either the FA Cup or EFL Cup qualifies for the Champions League, then that place will go to the next-best placed finisher in the Premier League. An exception to the usual European qualification system happened in , after Liverpool won the Champions League the year before, but did not finish in a Champions League qualification place in the Premier League that season.
However, for those leagues with four entrants in the Champions League, this meant that if the Champions League winner finished outside the top four in its domestic league, it would qualify at the expense of the fourth-placed team in the league. At that time, no association could have more than four entrants in the Champions League. Starting with the —16 season, the Europa League champion automatically qualifies for the following season's Champions League, and the maximum number of Champions League places for any single association has increased to five.
An association with four Champions League places, such as The FA, will only earn a fifth place if a club from that association that does not qualify for the Champions League through its league wins either the Champions League or Europa League.
In , the Premier League became the highest ranking European League based on the performances of English teams in European competitions over a five-year period. This broke the eight-year dominance of the Spanish league, La Liga.
The three lowest placed teams in the Premier League are relegated to the Championship, and the top two teams from the Championship promoted to the Premier League,  with an additional team promoted after a series of play-offs involving the third, fourth, fifth and sixth placed clubs.
The following 20 clubs will compete in the Premier League during the —19 season. Founding member of the Premier League b: Never been relegated from Premier League c: One of the original 12 Football League teams d: Club based in Wales.
In , a Welsh club participated in the Premier League for the first time after Swansea City gained promotion. Swansea took one of England's three available places in the Europa League in —14 by winning the League Cup in — The right of Welsh clubs to take up such English places was in doubt until UEFA clarified the matter in March , allowing them to participate.
Participation in the Premier League by some Scottish or Irish clubs has sometimes been discussed, but without result. The idea came closest to reality in , when Wimbledon received Premier League approval to relocate to Dublin, Ireland , but the move was blocked by the Football Association of Ireland. From to , the Premier League had title sponsorship rights sold to two companies, which were Carling brewery and Barclays Bank PLC ; Barclays was the most recent title sponsor, having sponsored the Premier League from until until , the title sponsorship was held through its Barclaycard brand before shifting to its main banking brand in Barclays' deal with the Premier League expired at the end of the —16 season.
The FA announced on 4 June that it would not pursue any further title sponsorship deals for the Premier League, arguing that they wanted to build a "clean" brand for the competition more in line with those of major U.
As well as sponsorship for the league itself, the Premier League has a number of official partners and suppliers. The Premier League includes some of the richest football clubs in the world. Deloitte's " Football Money League " listed seven Premier League clubs in the top 20 for the —10 season,  and all 20 clubs were in the top 40 globally by the end of the —14 season, largely as a result of increased broadcasting revenue.
Premier League clubs agreed in principle in December , to radical new cost controls. The two proposals consist of a break-even rule and a cap on the amount clubs can increase their wage bill by each season.
With the new television deals on the horizon, momentum has been growing to find ways of preventing the majority of the cash going straight to players and agents. Television has played a major role in the history of the Premier League. The League's decision to assign broadcasting rights to BSkyB in was at the time a radical decision, but one that has paid off. At the time pay television was an almost untested proposition in the UK market, as was charging fans to watch live televised football.
However, a combination of Sky's strategy, the quality of Premier League football and the public's appetite for the game has seen the value of the Premier League's TV rights soar. The Premier League sells its television rights on a collective basis. This is in contrast to some other European Leagues, including La Liga, in which each club sells its rights individually, leading to a much higher share of the total income going to the top few clubs.
The income from overseas rights is divided equally between the twenty clubs. It sold the rights itself on a territory-by-territory basis. This occurred following an insistence by the European Commission that exclusive rights should not be sold to one television company.
The TV rights agreement between the Premier League and Sky has faced accusations of being a cartel, and a number of court cases have arisen as a result. The BBC's highlights package on Saturday and Sunday nights, as well as other evenings when fixtures justify, will run until The Premier League is particularly popular in Asia, where it is the most widely distributed sports programme.
In China, the broadcast rights were awarded to Super Sports in a six-year agreement that began in the —14 season. There has been an increasing gulf between the Premier League and the Football League.
Since its split with the Football League , many established clubs in the Premier League have managed to distance themselves from their counterparts in lower leagues. Owing in large part to the disparity in revenue from television rights between the leagues,  many newly promoted teams have found it difficult to avoid relegation in their first season in the Premier League. In every season except —02 , —12 and —18, at least one Premier League newcomer has been relegated back to the Football League.
In —98 , all three promoted clubs were relegated at the end of the season. The Premier League distributes a portion of its television revenue to clubs that are relegated from the league in the form of "parachute payments". For some clubs who have failed to win immediate promotion back to the Premier League, financial problems, including in some cases administration or even liquidation have followed.
Further relegations down the footballing ladder have ensued for several clubs unable to cope with the gap. As of the —18 season, Premier League football has been played in 58 stadiums since the formation of the division. As a result, all stadiums in the Premier League are all-seater.
The stadiums for the —18 season show a large disparity in capacity. For example, Wembley Stadium , the temporary home of Tottenham Hotspur, has a capacity of 90, while Dean Court , the home of Bournemouth , has a capacity of 11, Stadium attendances are a significant source of regular income for Premier League clubs. Managers in the Premier League are involved in the day-to-day running of the team, including the training, team selection and player acquisition. Their influence varies from club-to-club and is related to the ownership of the club and the relationship of the manager with fans.
Several caretaker managers have gone on to secure a permanent managerial post after performing well as a caretaker, including Paul Hart at Portsmouth and David Pleat at Tottenham Hotspur.
He broke the record set by Alex Ferguson , who had managed matches with Manchester United from the Premier League's inception to his retirement at the end of the —13 season. Ferguson was in charge of Manchester United from November until his retirement at the end of the —13 season, meaning he was manager for the last five years of the old Football League First Division and all of the first 21 seasons of the Premier League.
In the —18 season, 11 managers were sacked, the most recent being Alan Pardew of West Bromwich Albion. There have been several studies into the reasoning behind, and effects of, managerial sackings. Bas ter Weel of the University of Amsterdam , performed two separate studies which helped to explain the statistics behind managerial sackings. Bridgewater's study found clubs generally sack their managers upon dropping below an average of one point per match.
At the inception of the Premier League in —93 , just 11 players named in the starting line-ups for the first round of matches hailed from outside of the United Kingdom or Ireland. On 26 December , Chelsea became the first Premier League side to field an entirely foreign starting line-up,  and on 14 February , Arsenal were the first to name a completely foreign man squad for a match.
In response to concerns that clubs were increasingly passing over young English players in favour of foreign players, in , the Home Office tightened its rules for granting work permits to players from countries outside of the European Union. If a player does not meet those criteria, the club wishing to sign him may appeal.
Players may only be transferred during transfer windows that are set by the Football Association. The two transfer windows run from the last day of the season to 31 August and from 31 December to 31 January.
Player registrations cannot be exchanged outside these windows except under specific licence from the FA, usually on an emergency basis. There is no team or individual salary cap in the Premier League.
The record transfer fee for a Premier League player has risen steadily over the lifetime of the competition. Italics denotes players still playing professional football, Bold denotes players still playing in the Premier League. The Golden Boot is awarded to the top Premier League scorer at the end of each season. Andrew Cole and Alan Shearer hold the record for most goals in a season 34 — for Newcastle and Blackburn respectively.
The Premier League maintains two trophies — the genuine trophy held by the reigning champions and a spare replica. Two trophies are held in the event that two clubs could win the League on the final day of the season. It consists of a trophy with a golden crown and a malachite plinth base. Its main body is solid sterling silver and silver gilt , while its plinth is made of malachite, a semi-precious stone. The plinth has a silver band around its circumference, upon which the names of the title-winning clubs are listed.
Malachite's green colour is also representative of the green field of play. Two of the lions are found above the handles on either side of the trophy — the third is symbolised by the captain of the title-winning team as he raises the trophy, and its gold crown, above his head at the end of the season. In , a special gold version of the trophy was commissioned to commemorate Arsenal winning the title without a single defeat. In addition to the winner's trophy and the individual winner's medals awarded to players who win the title, the Premier League also issues other awards throughout the season.
A man of the match award is awarded to the player who has the greatest impact in an individual match. These are also issued annually for Manager of the Season  , Player of the Season. The Golden Boot award is given to the top goalscorer of every season, The Playmaker of the Season award is given to the player who make the most assists of every season  and the Golden Glove award is given to the goalkeeper with the most clean sheets at the end of the season .
From the —18 season , players also receive a milestone award for appearances and every century there after and also players who score 50 goals and multiples thereof. Each player to reach these milestones will receive a presentation box from the Premier League containing a special medallion and a plaque commemorating their achievement . In , the Premier League celebrated its second decade by holding the 20 Seasons Awards: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the English association football league. For other uses, see Premier League disambiguation. Foundation of the Premier League. List of Premier League seasons. Premier League clubs in international performance. List of Premier League clubs. List of English football champions. List of association football clubs playing in the league of another country. List of Premier League football club owners. English football on television , List of Premier League broadcasters , and Broadcasting and the foundation of the Premier League.
List of Premier League stadiums. List of Premier League managers. List of Premier League players with or more appearances. Progression of British football transfer fee record and List of most expensive association football transfers. Sir Alex Ferguson Best Player: Ryan Giggs Most Appearances: Gareth Barry Top Goalscorer: Alan Shearer Most Clean Sheets: David James Club: Wayne Rooney , 12 February , Man.
Archived 9 July at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 8 August Retrieved 14 June Archived from the original on 8 March Retrieved 30 January Retrieved 6 June Retrieved 3 July Archived from the original on 29 January Retrieved 18 January Which stadiums were closest to capacity in England last season?
English teams banned after Heysel". Archived from the original on 18 November Retrieved 22 November Archived from the original on 16 October A History of British Football. British Football on Television".
Centre for the Sociology of Sport, University of Leicester. Archived from the original on 6 June Retrieved 10 August Retrieved 9 September Archived from the original on 11 April Retrieved 12 September Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 24 August Retrieved 14 September Glory, Goals and Greed: Twenty Years of the Premier League.
Retrieved 26 May Retrieved 27 November Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 6 May Retrieved 9 May Retrieved 21 June Retrieved 18 August Retrieved 8 September Why has it become so hard to defend the title? Find out the must-know facts from the weekend's matches, including how Spurs and Liverpool set a record and Eden Hazard's peerless goal record.
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