4 Tips for Talking to Coaches

Remain in control of your actions and emotions. Players fall all the time on the soccer field, often at the feet of another player. Kicking, tripping, and striking are also fouls for merely attempting them. On a Penalty Kick, if the kicker cheats or his teammate encroaches before the kick and the ball doesn't enter the goal, the defenders get an Indirect Free Kick. Off the Field Practical Procedures Run To referee you should be able to keep up with the play, and that means walking, jogging, and sometimes sprinting. The Watch and the Whistle

The Whistle A whistle is not a guitar, but you can make it speak. Here's what I do, and it seems pretty common: Whistles Short or medium beep: Think "but but but but but To stop for a serious foul. Think "half tiiiiiiime" Twice medium then long: Think "that's the gaaaaaaaaame! Stop play - reason will come after CR's whistle Flag straight up, after whistle signal for restart. Ball went out of bounds and came back in Flag straight up, after whistle flag across field down, level, or up.

Direct Free Kick in direction of flag Flag straight up with quick, small waves, after whistle holding the flag across the lower body. Foul by defender in penalty area: Penalty Kick Flag held horizontal across lower body.

Confirming that foul seen by CR was by defender in penalty area: Penalty Kick Standing still after an apparent goal. Foul committed by attackers not seen by CR Sprinting up touch line towards halfway line. It is all fairly mechanical, but some of the restarts Direct and Indirect Free Kicks are due to offsides, fouls, and misconduct -- tricky issues which have their own chapters.

For each event I describe the circumstances which lead to it, the mechanics for orchestrating it, and what is likely to happen thereafter. The Starts The Kick Off Circumstances At the beginning of the game, at the beginning of the 2nd half, and after a goal there is a Kick Off from the center circle. This is carried out by the loser of the coin toss, the winner of the coin toss, and by the team against which the goal was scored, respectively.

Mechanics Stand outside the center circle on the halfway line. The ball is in play when it is kicked and clearly moves. Mechanics for the ARs The ARs position themselves to judge offside, level to the 2nd-to-last defender. If this is the beginning of a half, they are supposed to unfurl their flags and make eye contact with the center referee to indicate their readiness. What's Next If players aren't in their halves of the field or defenders move into the center circle before the kick, then the kick is retaken.

If the kicker plays the ball a second time before anyone contacts the ball, the other team gets an Indirect Free Kick, described below. A team can score directly from a Kick Off, in case you are wondering. You get to judge which side last touched the ball.

This is the call most often blown, but it doesn't matter all that much in the grand scheme. The main purpose is to put the ball back into play, so all you have to do is sell your decision. Since the Throw-In is one of the most common restarts, it is one of the easiest ways to earn or lose your authority. Mechanics Often it is the AR that judges the ball to be out of bounds, so frequent glances at the AR are important when the ball is at the edge of the field.

But either you or the AR can make the determination. Eye contact with the AR is important when signaling, to settle any doubt and make sure you are in agreement over who gets the throw. Stop running, stand still facing the touch line the ball passed over, and point your rigid arm up in the direction the opponents are going.

Use the appropriate arm. You can also call out the color of the team that gets the ball. If you and the AR disagree, you can negotiate with glances or words, but you have the final vote, and both of you should point in the same direction by the time the Throw-In takes place.

Position yourself for the action likely to result from the Throw-In. Mechanics for the AR To signal a Throw-In the AR stops running, changes arms if needed, and points the flag up at a 45 degree angle in the proper direction.

If the ball went out of bounds and came back in, then the AR first holds the flag straight up in the appropriate arm until the center referee whistles, and then signals for the Throw-In. It is important to practice this flag-up first on Throw-Ins because it is the same for other, subtler calls like Corner Kicks and goals. For the Throw-In the AR resumes position to judge offside. Sometimes this means backing up off the touch line to make room for the thrower.

If the thrown ball never comes into play i. Throw for other team: A Throw-In is supposed to happen within one yard of where the ball went out, but it almost never does. If they are gaining some advantage you can whistle them back and point to the proper location. If it is clear they are working the system give the other team the throw. A legal Throw-In has both of the thrower's feet on the ground, with any part of the feet touching or outside the touch lines, until the ball leaves his hands.

He has to throw with both hands starting from behind the head and going over the head. The most common mistake is to lift the back foot up before the ball is out of the hands.

Younger players will sometimes jump up with both feet. Good players will drag their back foot up as they throw, which is legal. Rarely players will start the throw from over the line; sometimes they'll end up over it: Sometimes players will start the throw from overhead rather than behind , bring it around the side, or stop and start throwing several times.

Unless it is a complete throw from behind and over the head, the other team will get the throw. If the ball comes into play but then curves back out, the other team gets the throw. No 2nd touch or keeper handling: Goal Kick, Corner Kick: No scoring from Throw-In: Opponents must retreat two yards from the thrower so as not to impede the throw. Being a nuisance in this regard falls under Unsporting Behavior, a cautionable offense. The Goal Kick Circumstance If the attackers send the ball wholly over the goal line but not into the goal , you're going to award a "Goal Kick" to the defenders.

That's where they place the ball somewhere inside the goal area lines usually on the goal area line, to get as far from the goal as possible and kick it clear of the penalty area. Mechanics As with Throw-Ins, often it is the AR that judges the ball to be out of bounds, so frequent glances at the AR and eye contact when signaling are important.

Point your arm flat or a slight angle down into the middle of the goal area. You can call "Goal Kick. This is a good time to run backwards being careful not to back over small players. Because the AR should be following the ball to the goal, his signal should from near the goal line. If the ball went out of bounds and came back in, then the AR first holds the flag straight up until the center referee whistles, and then signals for the Goal Kick. For the kick the AR positions himself in one of two places: Watching the penalty area is usually only needed for low-level play, where bungled kicks might not get the ball beyond the line, or when opponents are hovering just outside the penalty area.

A legal Goal Kick starts with the ball inside the goal area, standing still, with all opponents outside the penalty area. The ball may not be played by anyone, even the kicker again, until it leaves the penalty area.

If it is then the kick is retaken. If the ball goes just back across the goal line without leaving the penalty area, the kick is retaken. Note that this applies to all free kicks taken by the defense inside their own penalty area.

As far as I know, handling by the keeper could only happen if the wind blows the ball back into the penalty area or the ball bounces off the referee. If the ball is kicked backwards across both the penalty area line and the goal line, it's an Corner Kick for the other team. On the off chance that the ball is kicked out of the penalty area but the wind blows it back into the goal, it's also a Corner Kick: Goal, Goal Kick, Throw-In: The ball is in play once it leaves the penalty area, so if it goes out of bounds a normal restart occurs.

You can score from a Goal Kick. The Corner Kick Circumstance If the defenders send the ball wholly over the goal line but not into the goal , you're going to award a "Corner Kick" to the attackers. That's where they place the ball in the corner arc of the nearer corner and kick it. The ball is in play once it is kicked and clearly moves.

Point your arm up 45 degrees at the corner where the kick is to be taken the one closest to where the ball went over the goal ine. You can call "Corner Kick. It's more important to watch the players receiving the kick than the one taking the kick, as the players may foul each other vying for that important ball. If you choose a different vantage point each time, you can discourage "set" fouls. Mechanics for the AR To signal a Corner Kick the AR points the flag down 45 degrees along the touch line in the direction of the corner.

Because the AR should be following the ball to the goal, he should be standing next to the flag by this time. If the ball went out of bounds and came back in, then the AR first holds the flag straight up until the center referee whistles, and then signals for the Corner Kick. For the kick the AR positions himself to judge out of bounds: A legal Corner Kick starts with the ball in the corner arc, standing still, and with all opponents at least 10 yards away from the arc until the kick.

If any of these are wrong, the kick is retaken. The 10 yard rule can be waived if the kick scores. You can score from a Corner Kick. In both cases, the kicking team is given an opportunity, "free" from defensive interference, to kick the ball from a standstill.

The only difference between the direct and Indirect Free Kicks is that a goal can't be scored directly from an Indirect Free Kick -- it must touch another player first. Anyone can take the kick, not just the player fouled against.

Here I'll just cite the mechanics for the kick itself. Mechanics Depending on the severity of the foul, blow your whistle either one medium or long blast. To signal for a Direct Free Kick, point one hand up in the direction of the kick.

For an Indirect Free Kick, do the same but then hold your arm straight up to indicate a goal cannot be scored directly. For offside calls, you can usually just go from the whistle to the straight up arm, since everyone knows who's at fault. The restart takes place where the infringement occurred, not necessarily where the infringer or ball were.

You can either point to the location with your free hand, or you can move to the location and stand there until the ball arrives, or you can just let the players take care of it. Exact positioning becomes more important as the restart gets closer to the defenders' goal. A free kick inside the kicker's goal area can be taken anywhere inside the goal area, just as with a Goal Kick.

An Indirect Free Kick against the defense inside the their goal area gets moved to the nearest spot on the goal area line parallel to the goal line the same as with a Dropped Ball. There are two varieties of free kicks: Most kicks are quick: This discourages fouls that provide time for the fouling team to assemble its defenses.

But if you intend to stop play for a short while to warn, caution or send off a player , you've got a ceremonial kick. Tell the kicker to wait for your whistle, and point to the whistle so that everyone sees. You can then tend to business before positioning yourself for the restart. You'll start again with a whistle. A quick kick can turn into a ceremonial kick if the kicker asks you for "10 yards. Before you restart, wait for the defenders to move 10 yards away from the ball -- in all directions, actually, but most people only worry about the direction of the kick.

Position yourself down in the direction of the kick. For an Indirect Free Kick, you need to hold your arm straight up to indicate that a goal cannot be scored directly from the kick. You can lower it while positioning yourself for the kick. You keep it up until the ball touches another player or goes out of bounds, but in practice you can also drop it if the ball isn't kicked towards either goal. More Mechanics -- Managing the Wall For the taking of a free kick near the goal attackers and defenders alike may line up 10 yards away in a "wall": Often the line of defenders also determines the offside position, and so attackers have no choice but to join the defenders until the kick is made.

This is an excellent opportunity to witness misconduct and fouls, as mid- and high-level players push, hit, and hold each other before and during the kick. If the players form a wall, position yourself to the side and in front of it, so you can pay attention to the wall during the kick. If there are no attackers in the wall, you can instead head towards the goal to watch the excitement there.

Mechanics for the AR The AR does not signal for fouls handled by the center referee in distant parts of the field. The AR does signal for fouls that are nearer to him than to the center referee -- generally any foul in the corner of the field the AR tends. For fouls seen by the center referee, the AR's signal is there to reinforce the center's.

The AR also signals for serious fouls in other parts of the field that are unseen by the center referee. To signal a foul the AR holds his flag straight up. Once the center referee notices, the AR makes quick, small waves with the flag, then signals the direction of the kick by pointing the flag up 45 degrees along the touchline in the direction of the kick.

There's no official way for an AR to indicate an Indirect Free Kick, though some do so by holding the free arm up halfway or by simply saying "indirect.

A legal free kick starts with the ball standing still at about the point you indicate. A free kick inside the kicker's goal area works like a Goal Kick: If either of these are wrong, the kick is retaken. Note that many teams practice a maneuver for Indirect Kicks where one player steps on the ball to make first contact and then a second player kicks it. The first contact must clearly move the ball for it put the ball in play, otherwise it is the subsequent kick that does so.

You can score from a Direct Free Kick. You can't score directly from an Indirect Free Kick, so if the ball goes directly into the opponent's goal, it is a Goal Kick for them. You can't score directly against yourself on either a Direct or Indirect Free Kick, so if the ball goes directly into the kicker's goal, it's a Corner Kick.

Yellow Card Whether it is a quick kick or a ceremonial one, defenders are supposed to retreat 10 yards in all directions. Failing to do so is its own cautionable offense, as I discuss in the "Misconduct" section below.

Penalty Kick Circumstances If a player commits a Direct Free Kick foul inside of his own penalty area, you are going to award a Penalty Kick to the other team. Calling Direct Free Kick fouls is discussed in its own section. Mechanics As with a Direct Free Kick, blow your whistle. Point with your finger distinctly towards the penalty mark, halfway between the goal area line and the penalty area line.

You don't want to be mistaken on this. Prepare for both groans and cheers from the sideline. Stand at the penalty mark until the kicker places the ball there, or if you prefer collect the ball and hand it to the kicker.

Instruct the kicker to wait for your signal. Ensure that all players other than the kicker and the keeper are a outside of the penalty area, b behind the penalty mark farther from the goal line , and c outside of the penalty arc and thus 10 yards from the kicker.

Ensure the keeper is on the goal line between the goal posts, facing the field. He will need to stay on the line until the ball is kicked. Move off to the side of the kicker, about 10 yards, and blow your whistle. Play can get very active at this point.

Special Mechanics for Extra Time If time expires or will expire before the Penalty Kick is taken, you need to announce that the kick will be in extra time. Players may retreat since there is nothing they can do.

The ball is out of play if the keeper successfully stops or deflects the ball. The kicker may not play it again, even if it rebounds. For fouls seen by the center referee, the AR can signal to confirm that the foul was committed in the penalty area.

To signal a Penalty Kick the AR holds his flag straight up. Once the center referee notices, the AR makes quick, small waves with the flag and then goes to stand in front of the corner flag on the goal line to indicate a Penalty Kick. To confirm that a foul seen by the CR was inside the penalty area, if the CR seems to be in doubt, the AR holds the flag horizontally across his waist.

Here's a common approach: To indicate keeper encroachment or other problems, the AR holds the flag horizontally across his waist. Goals are indicated as described below in the "Stops" section. If play is to continue, the AR hustles back to the touch line, cutting the corner if needed.

A legal Penalty Kick happens only on your signal that you are ready. The keeper must remain on the goal line and all other players must not encroach until the kick happens. The kick is retaken if a the ball doesn't enter the goal defending team encroached or b the ball enters the goal and the attacking team or both teams encroached. If it's the keeper's encroachment that causes the retake, he is also cautioned for Unsporting Behavior.

This includes if the ball bounces off the goalpost back to the kicker. Retake if it does go in. By the kicker kicking the ball backwards, by the kicker illegally feinting fully stopping during the run-up to the kick , and by someone other than the designated kicker taking the kick. Both illegal feinting and the wrong kicker taking the kick warrant a caution for Unsporting Behavior. The ball is in play once it is kicked forward and so if it goes out of bounds a normal restart occurs.

You can score from a Penalty Kick. The Dropped Ball Circumstance If you need to restart play and none of the other restarts apply, you'll do a Dropped Ball. This is the only time you need touch the ball during play. The most likely causes are: Mechanics Announce that you're doing a Dropped Ball. Any number of players can be present when you do the drop, though if you are trying for balance you'll wait until one from each team shows up. You may prefer unbalanced, for example dropping it in front of the keeper if you stopped play while he had possession, but you can't prevent players from participating.

A Dropped Ball in the goal area gets moved to the nearest spot on the goal area line parallel to the goal line. Hold the ball at waist level, ideally with one hand on top and one on the bottom, and drop it straight down. Keep your feet out of the way so you don't deflect it.

The ball is in play when it hits the ground. Unlike all other restarts, the first player to touch the ball is free to touch it again, but like an Indirect Free Kick a goal cannot be scored on the first touch. If the ball is played before it hits the ground, or it rolls out of bounds or into the goal without a player touching it, you'll retake the Dropped Ball. If the ball is kicked directly by a player into the opponents' goal from a Dropped Ball, you restart with a Goal Kick.

As soon as anyone touches the ball again, it's fair game. Circumstance If the whole of the ball goes over the goal line, between the goal posts and below the crossbar, and neither you nor the AR consider play to have stopped before it does, it's a goal. Mechanics If you see the ball go in the goal, or think it might have, look at your AR.

He indicates or confirms a goal by, after making eye contact, sprinting towards the halfway line. Point your arm level at the center circle -- the location of the next kick -- and move to the position for the next Kick Off. If the players are likely to complain about the goal, move quickly. If the players are likely to start a melee over the goal, run backwards towards the halfway line so that you can watch activity around the goal.

While waiting for the players to reassemble, take out the game card and note the goal -- either with a simple strike or if you have your own note paper with the player and time as well. Mechanics for the AR If the center referee sees the ball go in the goal, he looks to the AR for confirmation, which the AR then provides by sprinting up the touch line towards the halfway line -- enough of a sprint to be obvious -- and then positioning himself for the Kick Off.

The AR might also shake his head "no. If the center referee appears not to see the goal usually because the ball went in and back out of the goal , the AR will signal by raising the flag and, after the center referee whistles, sprinting towards the halfway line. Most referees won't stop unless the ball is in "neutral" play.

Neutral means different things to different referees, but if the ball is sailing towards the net and you blow your whistle, be prepared to run for the parking lot.

Mechanics Watch your watch as you get down to the last few minutes, and possibly count the last few seconds. Blow your whistle medium then long for half time, twice medium then long for game and point your arm towards the center circle. You can say "half time" or "game.

If it is halftime, you want to take the game ball with you so it doesn't get lost during the break. Substitutions Youth soccer generally permits unlimited substitutions, which means players can be swapped in and out many times during the course of the game.

This can only happen with your approval which should not be unreasonably withheld , and generally only at the following times: A Kick Off 2. A Goal Kick 3. A Throw-In sometimes only for the throwing team 4. Your competition may allow substitutions at other times, such as any stoppage. When a coach wants to substitute players, he's supposed to line them up at the halfway line.

Your ARs are then supposed to signal the substitution at the next appropriate stoppage by holding the flag horizontal above their heads with one AR mirroring the other if needed , until you see it. If you don't have decent ARs you need to look to the halfway line at each substitution opportunity to see if players are waiting.

For low-level play, where substitutions are numerous and players and coaches undisciplined, you may just have to wait for the cry of "sub! Once the request is made, you need to ensure that play does not restart, and then you signal for the substitution. That usually involves a whistle, a hand up at the player about to make the restart, and some indication to the coach to proceed with substituting.

When the substitution is complete, you must restart with the whistle. Orchestrating clean substitutions will make your life easier and earn you a modicum of respect. They are especially important for mid- and high-level play.

Two simple ingredients make them clean: I usually optimize somewhat: This keeps things moving. Decent ARs can help you with substitutions. If you expect this, tell them so at pre-game. Goalkeeper substitions work like any other, but be careful to note any goalkeepr substitution at halftime. Coaches may or may not point this out to you but you'll want ot keep track of number changes. A goalkeeper and player can swap positions at any stoppage but only with your permission which shouldn't be unreasonbly withheld.

If they do it without your knowledge, they each get a caution for Unsporting Behavior. Injury Referees are supposed to deal with major injury immediately, and minor injury at the next normal stop in play. If play drags on, you can stop play as soon as the ball is in somewhat neutral territory.

Don't stop an attacker's drive unless it is truly necessary. Seriousness of injury varies with age: For intermediate players, on the ground is my rule. For competitive players, I really need to see the pain to stop play. Do not tend or touch injured players!

Run to them, find out if the injury is serious and whether they wish to continue to play. If it is serious, call out the coach and back off -- don't let the coach harangue you.

If you stopped play to assess the injury, the injured player and anyone else can be substituted. If you called the coach out, the injured player must leave the field, unless the injury was caused by a foul that warranted a caution or sendoff, in which case the player can be tended to on the field.

In matches with unlimited substitutions, an injured player leaving the field will most likely be substituted. If you stopped play just to deal with an injury, restart with a Dropped Ball. If a team is playing short due to an injured player having left the field without being substituted, the recovered player can, with your permission, enter the field during the run of play. Bleeding and Equipment Problems A player bleeding or with blood on his clothes must leave the field and may not return until the problem is corrected.

If you have to, you can stop play to ensure the player leaves, but you can also just tell him on the fly. In theory, a bleeding player needs your permission to leave and may not summarily walk off, but once you realize what's going on your permission should be implicit. Similarly if a player has an equipment problem, such as a broken shin guard or torn shirt, you can also send them off to deal with their problems.

This also applies to jewelery mysteriously appearing after the initial checkin, for which you can be pretty unforgiving.

In all these cases, the player may only come back with your permission after you or your AR verify the problem has been corrected.

You can wave him on during the run of play, but he must enter along the touch line and not the goal line. Interference Occasionally, there will be some outside entity that enters the field and interferes with play: Common examples are dogs, birds, spectators, or a ball from a neighboring field. There are a number of things that aren't interference: So if the ball bounces off a water bottle on the field, play continues, unless the water bottle was thrown there after the start of the game.

To handle interference, blow your whistle to stop play and once the interference has been addressed restart with a Dropped Ball. If the interference occurs during the scoring of a goal, but neither caused the goal nor prevented it, you can award the goal. Interference from Coaches, Substitutes, or Red Carded Players Coaches, substitutes, and Red Carded players who come on the field to interfere with play aren't treated as outside interference.

They're treated as if they were players committing a foul. The restart is a Direct Free Kick, or Penalty Kick if the interference occurred in the defender's penalty area. Additionally, you would eject a coach for irresponsible behavior or caution a substitute for entering the field illegally. Not much you can do to an already sent off player other than ask him to leave again. If the interference occurs during the scoring of a goal for the opponents, but neither caused the goal nor prevented it, you can award the goal.

You can still punish the perpetrator. I discuss the causes for cards in the "Misconduct" section. Here I just describe the mechanics. Mechanics For fouls, stop play for the foul.

For misconduct, you have to decide whether it warrants stopping play or delaying until the next normal stop to handle the misconduct. You run the danger of things escalating if play continues for a while.

If it is serious enough to stop play, it warrants a good loud whistle. Remembering carefully in which pocket you have which card pull the appropriate one out and stand about 5 feet from the player, facing him. For the player's benefit you say, "You are being cautioned for For the benefit of everyone else you hold the card with your arm stretched overhead not thrusting in the player's face. Be sure you get a look at the player's number before he wanders off.

If a player receives a second Yellow Card he also gets shown the Red Card and sent off. You do the two in succession, not both in one hand. You need to write on the game card the time, the player's team and number, whether it was a Yellow Card or Red Card, and the reason. A player sent off is required to leave the immediate area. To enforce this you shouldn't restart play until you are convinced he is gone.

This may not be practical in youth games if there's no one to tend to the ejected player. The restart after issuing a Yellow Card or Red Card is most likely a Direct Free Kick or Penalty Kick, but there is actually a laundry list of possibilities listed in the "Misconduct" section. Red Cards are serious business, and it is likely the sent off player will be suspended for more than one game. To that end, your league should have some set ritual for you to follow within the next 24 hours to complete the paperwork.

Terminating the Match Your ultimate control over the game is the ability to terminate the match. That's where you say, "I'm terminating the match" and walk off with the game card. You might do so because you are unsure or unsatisified with your ability to control the players, coaches, or spectators. A perfect example of this is when an expelled coach refuses to leave or when a team can no longer field at least 7 players.

You can also abandon a match, sometimes to be played later, because the condition of the field, light, or weather has deteriorated to the point that play is no longer safe. Lightning is a great reason to stop. Offside Laws and Mechanics Discussion Offside is roughly a rule against attackers loitering near the goal waiting for cheap shots.

Unfortunately, it is a tricky rule, and it pays to know the details as intuition doesn't necessarily help. There are four ingredients to a player being penalized for offside: Being in an offside position. The ball being touched by a teammate. Taking advantage of it. Nothing nullifying the offside. The problem is that the first two are determined at once, while the latter two can take several seconds to unfold. That means your attention has to span time, rather than just observe the instant as with most other calls.

Being in an offside position is the simple combination of the following: Being in the attacking half of the field. Actually outside the defensive half: Being ahead of the ball. Being ahead of all or all but one defender, usually the keeper. Being "ahead" means merely that the attacker's body mass excluding arms is noticably closer than the defender's to the goal line.

Give them an inch or two. Suspicion mounts when the ball is passed by a teammate. To be precise, the offside position is judged when the attackers make any contact with the ball - a forward pass, a deflection, or even a nick off a teammate.

The offside position is reevaluated at each attacker contact. Note that the first teammate to touch the ball from a Throw-In, Goal Kick, or Corner Kick is exempted from the offside offense. There is no exemption on Direct or Indirect Free Kicks. It is very important to note the offside position of the player s each time the ball is touched. A lot of running around can happen once the ball is in motion, and you have to remember who was onside and who was offside as of the last contact.

Next the offside player must get involved in the play by a. But there's an oddball case called: It can take a moment before it is clear the player is going for the ball, and in the meantime other factors can nullify his being offside: The ball goes out of bounds.

A defender controls the ball. You alone judge contact versus control. A defender deliberately plays the ball when it wasn't a shot on goal. If it was a shot on goal, the defender has to control the ball before the ball is playable by an offside attacker.

Another attacker touches the ball. In the last case, a new opportunity to judge offside begins. A player who knows he's in an offside position but doesn't want to ruin his teammates' play will sometimes make a deliberate move to indicate he is not involved in the play: Mechanics Calling offside falls on the shoulders of the AR.

It is his most difficult and most important job up there with watching the ball roll over the line. You'll need to take over some or all of his job if you have no AR, have one who's inexperienced, or just have a club linesman.

I'll handle that in a moment. On any forward kick, especially long ones, and generally periodically, and certainly after a goal has been apparently scored, look over to the AR in the defending end.

This is also about getting close to play, but not too close, so that you can sell a decision. This is very important especially on penalty decisions and big calls because if a player turns around and you're right next to them, they have no argument, but if you're 30 yards away then the player will have a go at you and try to change your decision.

Their positioning, foul recognition, man management. Use what they do to improve your own reffing. Accept that you will make mistakes - but don't let people complain to you or make you feel shit for making a mistake. This mistake could be massive or it could be as simple as a wrong throw in direction. Just stay confident and you'll be okay and get the next decision right. It can be really hard to referee men because they are older than you and you could feel they have more power than you but when you're reffing them you have control and power at that time so don't let them intimidate you or let what they say get to you.

Confident is absolutely key when reffing especially at a young age. Good job—I hope you are finding this to be an enjoyable youth job—my son just turned 13 and has been certified for two years now. He loves it and also loves the money. I enjoy it as a hobby, but a hobby which more than pays for itself! A few obvious tips up-front: Use the off season to read through the LOTG. There are a number of good online referee sites—these often show borderline calls in matches and encourage discussions and interpretations.

These are good ways to sharpen your mind so when you do see things in-game you are more capable in knowing the right call thus avoiding mistakes in applying the Laws.

Some general thoughts and suggestions—many of these taken from assessors and more senior referees:. This page may be out of date. Save your draft before refreshing this page. Submit any pending changes before refreshing this page. Ask New Question Sign In. What are some good tips for soccer referees? Download the employee handbook and streamline your workplace.

Develop, teach, and inform your new hires about your company culture and workplace. You dismissed this ad. When the limit is reached, a polite warning is issued.

If it persists, the appropriate penalty is assessed. The head coach is entitled to an explanation of all unusual rulings or situations. In football, the explanation will normally be given by the wing official, but as necessary, may be given directly by the referee.

That certainly is OK, especially during a casual discussion. In a confrontation, beginning with a rules explanation is not advisable. The first priority is to determine the nature of the debate. In other words, make sure both parties are going to discuss the same issue. Activity in or near the end zone in football or the goal in soccer is difficult to observe from the team bench, as are plays on the opposite sideline in any sport that has a marked court or field.

If you cannot agree on what transpired, there is minimal value in explaining the rule. Those qualities are made of the pitch, characteristics and volume of the voice. The choice of words, the way they are delivered and the manner of speaking also make up the tone. Whether you realize it or not, people develop much of their perception of you based on your tone of voice.

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Refereeing. Referee Grades: Grade 1 - FIFA Referee; Grade 2 - FIFA Assistant Referee; If needed, and in addition to the U.S. Soccer Referee Report, the U.S. Soccer Supplemental Referee. Here are some helpful tips and advice for you as a new referee. They have been gathered from experienced referees – who all started their careers as referees just like you and learned many of these lessons the "hard way." The advice found here will get you off to the best possible start. How does. US Youth Soccer Programs US Youth Soccer Programs National Championship Series National Championship Series US Youth Soccer ODP US Youth Soccer ODP Presidents Cup Presidents Cup Leagues Young Referee Award. Twitter Facebook Youtube Instagram. Twitter Facebook Youtube Instagram. US Youth Soccer eNews. Get the latest news, member benefits and.

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